Ecosystem Services

This collective term describes the benefits and advantages of functioning ecological systems that humans make use of. It relates, for example, to the soil functions, the pollination of plants, nutrient cycling and genetic diversity, natural resources such as food, water, timber, fibres, and raw materials for medicines, but also to the regulatory benefits in terms of climate, soil fertility, water resources, and waste disposal. Ecosystem services also include the foundations of a country’s culture, leisure and recreation, as well as its aesthetic and spiritual sensibilities.