International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for formulating and enforcing international labour and social standards. The ILO determines its actions in line with its four fundamental principles: freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining, the elimination of forced labour, the abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation. On this basis, a total of eight so-called core labour standards have been gradually drawn up since 1930: the Freedom of Association, and Protection of the Right to Organize, the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining, the Abolition of Forced Labour, Equal Remuneration, Discrimination (Employment and Occupation), the Minimum Age, and the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour. Within the “Strategy” criterion forming part of the declaration of conformity, ILO criteria are among the elements that a company uses to explain what specific action it takes in order to operate in accordance with essential and approved industry-specific, national and international standards.